Exodus 20:1-17


The Ten Commandments        

Exodus 20:1-17 And God spoke all these words:2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.3 “You shall have no other gods before me.4 “You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. 5 You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, 6 but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.7 “You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.8 “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore, the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.12 “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.13 “You shall not murder.14 “You shall not commit adultery.15 “You shall not steal.16 “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”

I will start by saying the ONLY way I could work through this lesson is with scripture

I am not that smart. I have no word from God expect through His word given by scripture.

Commandment #1.
You must not have any other god but me.

We are to worship the one true God. A false god is a rival to the true God. We should put God first in everything we do.

Psalm 81:9Let there be no strange god among you; Nor shall you worship any foreign god.

Exodus 23:13 “Now concerning everything which I have said to you, be on your guard; and do not mention the name of other gods, nor let them be heard from your mouth.

Colossians 2:8 See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the elemental spiritual forces of this world rather than on Christ.

2 Thessalonians 2:15 So then, brothers and sisters, stand firm and hold fast to the teachings we passed on to you, whether by word of mouth or by letter.

Deuteronomy 18:10-14 Let no one be found among you who sacrifices their son or daughter in the fire, who practices divination or sorcery, interprets omens, engages in witchcraft, 11 or casts spells, or who is a medium or spiritist or who consults the dead. 12 Anyone who does these things is detestable to the Lord; because of these same detestable practices the Lord your God will drive out those nations before you. 13 You must be blameless before the Lord your God. 14 The nations you will dispossess listen to those who practice sorcery or divination. But as for you, the Lord your God has not permitted you to do so.

Commandment #2
You must not make for yourself an idol of any kind or an image.

Since God is Spirit, any image of Him which we might worship is wrong.

Exodus 32:1 When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said, “Come, make us gods[a] who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don’t know what has happened to him.”

Acts 17:22-23 Paul then stood up in the meeting of the Areopagus and said: “People of Athens! I see that in every way you are very religious. 23 For as I walked around and looked carefully at your objects of worship, I even found an altar with this inscription: to an unknown god. So you are ignorant of the very thing you worship—and this is what I am going to proclaim to you.

Commandment #3
You must not misuse the name of the Lord your God.

The Name of God is to be honored and protected.

This would include profanity, oaths/promises or use of the Name of the Lord for selfish purposes as in saying, “The Lord told me…” or “I have a word from the Lord…”

Instead we should say something like, “These things that have been on my heart lately”.

In 1 Corinthians 7 we see twice where Paul says:

In verse 10 To the married I give this command (not I, but the Lord)

And in verse 12 To the rest I say this (I, not the Lord)

We know from 2 Timothy 3:16 All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,

So why would Paul say that?

When Paul said “I, not the Lord” he is simply distinguishing between a command that originated with him and a command that originated with Jesus, both of which are obligatory.

If Jesus had already directly addressed something Paul would repeat what Jesus had already said.

If Paul was speaking on something that he had not heard Jesus speak on directly he would say I, not the Lord.

The best example of this I can think of right now is highway signs.

We have multi-color signs that we follow and obey along the roadways: black and white sign, Green, Blue and Brown, Orange and Yellow.

If a sign is directly commanding you to do (or not to do) something, odds are it is red.

Similarly, Orange and Yellow are used to inform motorists of temporary and permanent hazards.

Green, Blue and Brown are less crucial information (that is, information that does not immediately influence the motorist’s action.

Some signs are Regulatory, some direct our Movement, some are Warnings, and some are just Informational.

No matter what the sign is they are still governed by law on how they are used and how we respond.

Paul’s words can be classified into three different categories: (1) Paul’s opinion, (2) Paul’s command, and (3) Jesus’ command.

Paul is showing us how important it was to preserve and not to alter the words of Jesus.

Matthew 5:36-37 Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. 37 But let your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one.

We need to be extremely careful of attaching God’s Name to something.

Commandment #4
Remember to observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.

The Hebrew word for “Sabbath” just means “rest.” It does not have to be a particular day of the week. God gave us the pattern in creation: work 6 days, rest 1.

Exodus 31:17 It will be a sign between me and the Israelites forever, for in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.’”

Psalm 46:10 He says, “Be still, and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth.”

Isaiah 58:13-14 “Keep the Sabbath day holy. Don’t pursue your own interests on that day, but enjoy the Sabbath and speak of it with delight as the Lord’s holy day. Honor the Sabbath in everything you do on that day, and don’t follow your own desires or talk idly.14 Then the Lord will be your delight. I will give you great honor and satisfy you with the inheritance I promised to your ancestor Jacob. I, the Lord, have spoken!”

When we set aside one day in seven to stop doing our normal work and to worship God, we are benefited.

Commandment #5
“Honor your father and mother.

The only commandment with a promise, which Paul mentions in Ephesians 6:2-3 Children, obey your parents because you belong to the Lord, for this is the right thing to do. 2 “Honor your father and mother.” This is the first commandment with a promise: 3 If you honor your father and mother, “things will go well for you, and you will have a long life on the earth.”

Then Paul follows up right behind it with

Ephesians 6:4 Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger by the way you treat them. Rather, bring them up with the discipline and instruction that comes from the Lord.

Commandment #6
You must not murder.

The Bible tells us there is a difference between a legally sanctioned killing (death penalty/war) and murder.

Leviticus 24:17 “Anyone who takes another person’s life must be put to death.

Ecclesiastes 3:8 A time to love and a time to hate. A time for war and a time for peace.

1st John 3:12 “We should not be like Cain, who was of the evil one and murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his own deeds were evil and his brother’s righteous.”

Sometimes killing may be necessary but Christians are to never desire killing.

Romans 13:4 The authorities are God’s servants, sent for your good. But if you are doing wrong, of course you should be afraid, for they have the power to punish you. They are God’s servants, sent for the very purpose of punishing those who do what is wrong.

There are times when killing is acceptable for example, a police officer in a self-defense situation or to save the life of another.

1 John 3:16 This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers and sisters.

This is about the protection of life, especially for the unborn child.

Jeremiah 1:5  “I knew you before I formed you in your mother’s womb. Before you were born I set you apart and appointed you as my prophet to the nations.”

Deuteronomy 27:25 ‘Cursed is anyone who accepts payment to kill an innocent person.’ And all the people will reply, ‘Amen.’

Exodus 21:22-23 “Now suppose two men are fighting, and in the process they accidentally strike a pregnant woman so she gives birth prematurely. If no further injury results, the man who struck the woman must pay the amount of compensation the woman’s husband demands and the judges approve. 23 But if there is further injury, the punishment must match the injury: a life for a life,

Jesus carried it even further when He was teaching about Anger.

Matthew 5:21-22  “You have heard that our ancestors were told, ‘You must not murder. If you commit murder, you are subject to judgment.’ 22 But I say, if you are even angry with someone, you are subject to judgment! If you call someone an idiot, you are in danger of being brought before the court. And if you curse someone, you are in danger of the fires of hell.

James 1:19 My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry,

Commandment #7
You shall not commit adultery

I believe this is one that the Bible tells us more than we really know or want to accept

Matthew 19:9 I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another woman commits adultery.

Luke 16:18 “Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery, and the man who marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

Matthew 5:27-28 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ 28 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Proverbs 6:32 But a man who commits adultery has no sense; whoever does so destroys himself.

Adultery destroys marriage and the home.

Commandment # 8
You must not steal

Ephesians 4:28 If you are a thief, quit stealing. Instead, use your hands for good hard work, and then give generously to others in need.

John 10:10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full.

Matthew 6:19-21“Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moths and vermin destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. 20 But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moths and vermin do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

Stealing comes from not trusting God to provide for our needs.

Acts 20:35 In everything I did, I showed you that by this kind of hard work we must help the weak, remembering the words the Lord Jesus himself said: ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’”

Commandment # 9
You must not testify falsely against your neighbor

This protects your neighbor’s reputation. This would include telling lies and/or slandering another person.

This does not only include a court of law in includes the community that we live in.

Spreading a rumors or gossiping is a sin, it’s hurtful and it takes away our spirit of truth

Romans 1:29-31 They have become filled with every kind of wickedness, evil, greed and depravity. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit and malice. They are gossips, 30 slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant and boastful; they invent ways of doing evil; they disobey their parents; 31 they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy.

It also shows what is in our heart…………

Matthew 15:16-20 “Are you still so dull?” Jesus asked them. 17 “Don’t you see that whatever enters the mouth goes into the stomach and then out of the body? 18 But the things that come out of a person’s mouth come from the heart, and these defile them. 19 For out of the heart come evil thoughts—murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander. 20 These are what defile a person; but eating with unwashed hands does not defile them.”

Commandment # 10
You must not covet

Like stealing, when we covet, we are telling God that we are not satisfied with what He has given us.

Covertness is about the desires of your heart. If you think that commandments 1-9 don’t apply to you, then this one will.

Luke 12:34 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

James 4:1-3 What causes fights and quarrels among you? Don’t they come from your desires that battle within you? 2 You desire but do not have, so you kill. You covet but you cannot get what you want, so you quarrel and fight. You do not have because you do not ask God. 3 When you ask, you do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, that you may spend what you get on your pleasures.

James 4:17 If anyone, then, knows the good they ought to do and doesn’t do it, it is sin for them.

The Ten Commandments show us just how far from perfect, or God, that we are.

Jesus said in Matthew 5:17 “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.

Jesus fulfilled the law by living a perfect life up to dying on a cross that we may be made perfect through Him

John 1:17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.